Martin Hermatschweiler studied physics in Ulm and Karlsruhe, Germany, where he worked as a scientist at the Institute of Applied Physics at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), investigating 2D and 3D photonic crystals fabricated by direct laser writing as well as holographic lithography. His main assignment was the conversion of 3D polymer structures into silica and silicon under supervision of Prof. Dr. Martin Wegener. Martin Hermatschweiler leads the company Nanoscribe as CEO since the initialization of the business idea early in 2007.

Under his guidance, business has been built up from scratch starting up with originally three employees. Today, Nanoscribe is a multinational medium-scaled enterprise with 80+ employees located in Karlsruhe, Shanghai and Boston. In June 2021, Nanoscribe has been acquired by the BICO group.